3.2.1        Passive support for regional integration ASEAN integration has accelerated in recent years, and the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) is expected to come into effect at the beginning of 2016. It is not clear whether this will be fully implemented, or whether a two tier integration will occur, with a core constituting Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, […]

3.2.4        Cleavages within the Lao elite and the Party highlight possible sources of internal division. Although the Party-State appears as monolithic, with few Lao and virtually no foreigners confident in their ability to identify currents and factions, it is widely believed that there are cleavages within the Lao elite along a range of axes, and […]

3.2.2         Concepts of ‘good governance’ and reform. Despite the completed transition to a market economy, the form of state in Laos still relies on Communist structures and relationships. The most significant among these are ‘Leading role of the Party’ – meaning that each decision-making body in the formal state structure is controlled and can be […]

3.1.2 Limited economic liberalisation and an authoritarian state Laos has completed its transition from a peasant socialist political economy to market capitalism. The state has been gradually redefined as a force for coordination, modernisation and stability, rather than of revolutionary transformation and post-war reconstruction. [7] Since 1996, the regime has structured its claim to legitimacy […]

1.4. Country Analysis The Lao PDR is one of the few countries which combine a market economy with a single party ‘socialist’ political system. The Lao PDR is off track to meet seven MDG targets, mostly relating to hunger, education and health. Income inequality is increasing. The population is largely rural, with most of the […]

1.1. Purpose of the Note This country case study is part of a wider series of 12 country case studies. This case study’s findings, along with the findings from the other case studies and long with the desk phase findings, will feed into the global assessment reported in the synthesis report. 1.2. Reasons for selection […]

2.2.4. Child rights within EU development cooperation in Laos Child rights are highly present in the EU portfolio of development cooperation with Lao PDR; 60% of all actions, representing 58% of resources allocated, are somehow relevant to child rights. In Laos, because of the concentration of EU spending in nutrition, health and education, there is […]